JOURNAL

of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Editorial Office, 221 N. La Salle St., Chicago, III.

H. D. BerGMAN, President Ames, Iowa

Cassius Way, President-Elect New York, N. Y.

M. Jacos, Treasurer Knoxville, Tenn.

EXECUTIVE BOARD A. E. CAMERON, ist District; J. G. HARDENBERGH, 2nd District L. A. MERILLAT, 3rd District; WiLL1AM Moore, 4th District H. C. H. KernKamp, 5th District; I. E. Newsom, 6th District

W. A. SULLIVAN, 7th District;

L. J. ALLEN, 8th District

H, W. JAKEMAN, Chairman, 9th District; F. A. Zimmer, 10th District Cuas. W. Bower, Member-at-Large H. D. BERGMAN, ex officio; Cassius Way, ex officio

The American Veterinary Medical Association is not responsible for views or statements pub-

lished in the JouRNAL, outside of its own authorized actions. Prices will be sent upon application.

in advance.

Reprints should be ordered

Vol. XCIII, N. S. Vol. 46

DECEMBER, 1938

No. 6

COMPLICATED

Not so very long ago, in discussing nutri- tional disturbances, dietary deficiencies and related problems, we spoke rather glibly of vitamin B. We used the term very much as though this newly found food factor were a distinct chemical entity, either a simple element, such as oxygen, or a more complex compound, such as glucose. Without vita- min B as a dietary component, certain fairly well defined pathological conditions would develop sooner or later—pellagra in the hu- man, for example, or that pellagra-like con- dition in dogs—blacktongue.

Now, as a result of the tremendous amount of research work that has been done in food chemistry and nutrition, we know that the substance, first known as vitamin B, is in reality a rather complex combination of at least a half-dozen chem- ical compounds, including riboflavin, nico- tinic acid (B,), thiamin (B,), and several others. Riboflavin is suspected of having some connection with growth and its ab- sence in the diet may result in beriberi, cataract, or nerve degeneration. Nicotinic acid is heralded as a specific for human pel-

lagra and blacktongue in dogs, and with considerable clinical evidence to substanti- ate the claim.

Wonderful progress has been made in developing our knowledge of these various food factors in nutrition. Now we face the problem of the practical application of this vast storehouse of information.

Vitamin D appears to be almost as com- plex as vitamin B.

FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE IN ENGLAND

At the recent International Veterinary Congress, in Zurich, Switzerland, the sub- ject of foot-and-mouth disease was dis- cussed on several occasions, although there was no reporter on this disease. Sir John Kelland, of England, reported the results of some experiments conducted recently to determine, if possible, the source of the virus responsible for outbreaks of foot- and-mouth disease in his country.

During the fall of 1937 and the early part of 1938, according to Sir John, the east coast of England was black with millions

(351)

352

EDITORIAL

of starlings of continental origin and in an exhausted condition from long flying.

Typing of the virus responsible for the outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in Eng- land disclosed the type to be the same as that which was then prevalent in Germany, France and Holland.

Live starlings were collected and fed on vesicles taken from cases of foot-and-mouth disease. It was found that the virus was still viable four days after feeding.

As a result of these observations and ex-

periments, it was concluded by the English authorities that foot-and-mouth disease, of continental origin, had been transmitted from the Continent to England by starlings.

EVERYONE CAN BE A PARTNER

The 1938 Christmas Seal Campaign is on and it again offers every person the op- portunity of partnership in the great cam- paign to eradicate tuberculosis. The design, which pictures a mid-Victorian mother and her two children lighting a candle, takes us back to those days when tuberculosis was looked upon as a destructive visitation of Providence—a hopeless hereditary disease about which nothing could be done.

Those were the days of dread suffering and death. It was the era in which the home was highly idealized, but little or nothing was known about how to protect it from the arch-killer—tuberculosis. Homes are safer today. There is at hand sufficient knowledge to control this disease. The vet- erinary profession in the United States has blazed a trail. Bovine tuberculosis has been practically eradicated from all states except California. But we must not be too com- placent over the results attained by either the medical or the veterinary profession. In spite of what has been accomplished, day after day, tuberculosis takes its toll to the extent of one human life every seven and one-third minutes. It ranks first as a killer in the important years from 15 to 45.

It is time now to revitalize our efforts and for all forces to unite in a renewed de- termination to conquer this enemy. What

could be a better rallying call-to-arms than the slogan for the 1938 Campaign—‘“Pro-

tect Your Home from Tuberculosis” and the warning—‘“No Home Is Safe Until All Homes Are Safe’?

Christmas Seals are now on sale every- where. Become a partner in this great cam- paign. Buy seals generously.

VETERINARIANS FACE NEW RESPONSIBILITY

Close on the heels of the announcement! that the eastern strain of equine encephalo- myelitis virus had been found in the brain of a child dead of clinically diagnosed en- cephalitis, in Massachusetts, comes How- itt’s report? of the finding of the western type of the virus of equine encephalomye- litis in the brain of a child in California.

It would appear that there is little room left for doubting the etiological relationship of the human and equine diseases, after the careful work done in Massachusetts and California. The work on the eastern type of the virus already has been corroborated by Schoening, Giltner and Shahan,’ of the U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry.

How many veterinarians appreciate the tremendous responsibility which has been placed on the veterinary profession by these discoveries? Here we have a disease of horses that has been prevalent in different parts of the United States since 1931. At times it has reached epizoétic proportions. First recognized in California,‘ the disease has spread eastward to the Atlantic sea- board and has caused a loss estimated at $8,000,000 during the past two years.

Kelser® was the first to show that the virus may be transmitted by mosquitoes. This fact has been confirmed by other in- vestigators, although it is not accepted that this mode of convection is the usual one in epizoétics. However, the fact that none of the children affected in the recent Massa- chusetts outbreak had been in direct con-

1Fothergill, L. D., Dingle, J. H., Farber, S., and ae Sa M. L.: New Eng. Jour. Med., 219 (1938), p.

“Howitt, B.: Science, 88 (1938), pp. 455-456.

*Schoening, H. W., Giltner, L. T., and Shahan, M. S.: Science, 88 (1938), pp. 409-410.

*Meyer, K. F., Haring, C. M., and Howitt, B. F.: Science, 74 (1931), pp. 227-228.

5Kelser, R. A.: Mosquitoes as vectors of the virus of equine encephalomyelitis. Jour. A. V. M. A., 82 (1933), n. s. 35 (5), pp. 767-771.

EDITORIAL 353

tact with horses rather strengthens the theory that the disease may be insect-borne.

Veterinary Exhibit at World’s Fair

Dr. J. R. Mohler reports the following additional contributions to the fund being raised to help finance the veterinary educa- tional exhibit at the New York World’s Fair in 1939:

Idaho Veterinary Medical Association . $50.00 Utah Veterinary Medical Association. 20.00 Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Asso-

I ia asks on oni pe 50.00 Kansas City Unit, National Associa- tion of B. A. I. Veterinarians...... 25.00

Dr. Ernest L. Henkel, Fillmore, Utah 5.00

The amount previously reported* was $622.50. The five contributions listed above bring the total to $772.50.

Sulfanilamide Labeled for Public Use Violates New Food and Drug Act

Sulfanilamide and related drugs, when distributed in interstate commerce for use by the general public, violate the new fed- eral Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Food and Drug Administration advises in a warning to distributors.

One section of the newly enacted law holds a drug to be illegal if it is danger- ous to health when used in the dosage, or with the frequency or duration, suggested in its labeling.

Although the Administration’s ruling limits the distribution of the drug under labeling addressed to the general public, it does not restrict its use under physicians’ prescriptions.

“Sulfanilamide is a two-edged sword,” says the Food and Drug Adminstration. “It is at once a valuable and a dangerous remedy. In the hands of physicians who maintain close supervision over their pa- tients to detect the first symptoms of ad- verse effects, it has proven a remarkable therapeutic agent, but carelessly or ignor- antly employed it is capable of producing serious injury and even death.

ed pricy of the A. V. M. A., November, 1938,

pp. 3

“In this respect it may be compared with x-ray, which is invaluable for both the diagnosis and treatment of disease when expertly used, but which may be injurious in untrained hands.”

Cattle-Tick Quarantine Area Reduced

As a result of the season’s active dipping campaign to eradicate the cattle fever tick, the U. S. Department of Agriculture with- drew federal quarantine, on December 1, 1938, from 9,552 square miles of territory in Florida, Texas and Puerto Rico. The ef- fect of this action—designated as B. A. I. Order 369—is to release from quarantine part of one county in Florida, eight whole counties and parts of six counties in Texas, and the western one-third of the island of Puerto Rico.

In Texas, the counties released Decem- ber 1, 1938, include Jasper, Jefferson, New- ton, Orange, Sabine, San Augustine, Trin- ity and Tyler, the remainder of Chamber, Galveston and Liberty, and parts of Cam- eron, Hildalgo and Starr. In Florida, part of Orange County is released.

In Puerto Rico, the release of the west- ern one-third of the island represents the first gain that has been made in tick erad- ication on that island. The work there was made possible by emergency funds supplied through the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Ad- ministration and, with the completion of the work in the western part, the systematic campaign was advanced to the middle third of that island.

The Tonic of Praise

Praise is not only gratifying—it is the source of fresh energy which can be meas- ured in the laboratory.

Dr. Henry H. Goddard, in his years at the Vineland Training School in New Jer- sey, used the “ergograph,” an instrument devised to measure fatigue. When an as- sistant said to a tired child at the instru- ment, “You’re doing fine, John, the boy’s energy-curve soared. Discouragement and fault-finding were found to have a measur- able opposite effect.—Reader’s Digest.

| Officers

H. D. Bergman, President, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

Cassius Way, President-Elect, Ave., New York, N. Y.

W. H. Ivens, First Vice-President, 5328 Haver- ford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.

W. H. Lytle, Second Vice-President, State Office Bldg., Salem, Ore. .

J. H. Gillmann, Third Vice-President, 769 Vance Ave., Memphis, Tenn.

Kk. A. Watson, Fourth Vice-President, Animal Diseases Research Institute, Hull, Quebec, Canada,

H. E. Curry, Fifth Vice-President, 112 Capitol Bldg., Jefferson City, Mo.

H. Preston Hoskins, Secretary-Editor, 221 N. LaSalle St., Chicago, II.

M. Jacob, Treasurer, Box 416, Knoxville, Tenn.

25 Vanderbilt

Executive Board

H. W. Jakeman, 44 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

C. W. Bower, Member-at-Large, Ave., Topeka, Kan.

A. E. Cameron, /st District, 231 Sunnyside Ave., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

J. G. Hardenbergh, 2nd District, Walker-Gordon Laboratory Co., Plainsboro, N. J.

L. A. Merillat, 3rd District, 1827 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago, IIl.

Wm. Moore, 4th District, North Carolina De- partment of Agriculture, Raleigh, N. C.

H. C. H. Kernkamp, 5th District, University Farm, Saint Paul, Minn.

I. E. Newsom, 6th District, Colorado State Col- lege, Fort Collins, Colo.

W. A. Sullivan, 7th District, 403 Federal Bldg., Cheyenne, Wyo.

L. J. Allen, 8th District, 336 Post Office Bldg., Oklahoma City, Okla.

H. W. Jakeman, 9th District, 44 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

F. A. Zimmer, 10th District, State Office Bldg., Columbus, Ohio.

*H. D. Bergman, Iowa.

*Cassius Way, 25 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, N..

Chairman,

1128 Kansas

Iowa State College, Ames,

Section Officers

SECTION ON GENERAL

James Farquharson, Chairman, Colorado State College, Fort Collins, Colo.

W. T. Oglesby, Secretary, Louisiana State Uni- versity, University, La.

PRACTICE

SECTION ON SANITARY SCIENCE AND Foop HYGIENE

Milton R. Fisher, Chairman, City Health Dept., Saint Louis, Mo.

*Ex officio.

Organization of the American Veterinary

Medical Association, 1938-1939

(354)

M. B. Starnes, Secretary, City Health Dept., Dallas, Texas.

SECTION ON RESEARCH

H. H. Dukes, Cornell Ithaca, N. Y.

Frank Thorp, Jr., Secretary, Colorado State Col- lege, Fort Collins, Colo.

Chairman, University,

SECTION ON SMALL ANIMALS

Gerry B. Schnelle, Chairman, 170-184 Longwood Ave., Boston, Mass. C. P. Zepp, Secretary,

York, N. Y.

SECTION ON

F. D. Patterson, Chairman, Cuthbert, Ga. E. P. Johnson, Secretary, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va.

136 W. 53rd St., New

POULTRY

Standing Committees

COMMITTEE ON BUDGET

(ex officio)

H. D. Bergman, Chairman, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

W. H. Ivens, 5328 Haverford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.

H. Preston Hoskins, 221 N. LaSalle St., Chi- cago, Ill.

M. Jacob, Box 416, Knoxville, Tenn.

H. W. Jakeman, 44 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

Chairman, 484 Sheridan Highland Park, Ill. (1942)

P. L. Cady, Fremont, Neb. (1940)

W. A. Hagan, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. (1943)

E. T. Hallman, Michigan State College, Lansing, Mich. (1941)

C. D. McGilvray, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. (1939)

N. S. Mayo, Place,

East

COMMITTEE ON LEGISLATION

Cassius Way, Chairman, 25 Vanderbilt Ave., New York, N. Y. (1941)

J. L. Axby, 209 State House, Indianapolis, Ind. (1942)

George H. Hart, University Farm, Davis, Calif. (1939)

Reuben Hilty, 624 Huron Toledo, Ohio. (1943)

J. P. Turner, 1357 Kennedy St. N. W., Washing- ton, D. C. (1940)

St.,

COMMITTEE ON PROGRAM (ex officio)

H. Preston Hoskins, Chairman, 221 N. LaSalle St., Chicago, III.

E. P. Johnson, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va.

ORGANIZATION OF THE A. V. M. A.

W. T. Oglesby, Louisiana State University, Uni- versity, La.

M. B. Starnes, City Health Department, Dallas, Texas

Frank Thorp, Jr., Colorado State College, Fort Collins, Colo.

Cc. P. Zepp, 136 W. 53rd St., New York, N. Y.

COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS

A. T. Kinsley, Chairman, 1103 E. 47th St., Kan- sas City, Mo.

W. W. Dimock, University of Kentucky, Lexing- ton, Ky.

S. E. Hershey, Box 283, Charleston, W. Va.

E. E. Wegner, State College of Washington, Pullman, Wash.

I. D. Wilson, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Va.

COMMITTEE ON POLICY

B. T. Simms, Chairman, Animal Disease Re- search Laboratory, Auburn, Ala.

*H. D. Bergman, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

*H. Preston Hoskins, 221 N. LaSalle St., Chi- cago, Ill.

*M. Jacob, Box 416, Knoxville, Tenn.

*H. W. Jakeman, 44 Bromfield St., Mass.

COMMITTEE ON VETERINARY BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS

T. O. Booth, Chairman, 304 W. T. Waggoner Bldg., Fort Worth, Texas. (1939)

Hadleigh Marsh, Montana Veterinary Research Laboratory, Bozeman, Mont. (1943)

I. M. Cashell, 2807 18th St. N. W., Washington,

Boston,

D.C. (1940)

Frank Breed, 227 N. Ninth St., Lincoln, Neb. (1941)

F. A. Imler, 19 Federal Bldg., Kansas City, Kan. (1942)

COMMITTEE ON PROPRIETARY PHARMACEUTICALS

H. J. Milks, Chairman, Cornell University,

Ithaca, N. Y. (1942)

R. S. Amadon, University of Pennsylvania, Phil- adelphia, Pa. (1941)

D. W. Ashcraft, Ohio State University, Colum- bus, Ohio. (1943)

Chas. H. Higgins, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, N. Y. (1939)

H. E. Moskey, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, D. C. (1940)

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC RELATIONS

D. M. Campbell, Chairman 7632 S. Crandon Ave., Chicago, Ill. (1940)

K. G. McKay, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. (1941)

J. D. Ray, 1124 Harney St., Omaha, Neb. (1939)

C. F. Schlotthauer, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minn, (1943)

E. C. W. Schubel, Blissfield, Mich. (1942)

Special Committees

COMMITTEE ON HISTORY

L. A. Merillat, Chairman, 1827 S. Wabash Ave., Chicago, IIl.

R. R. Dykstra, Kansas State College, Manhattan, Kan. *Ex officio.

Leonard W. Goss, Ohio State University, Co- lumbus, Ohio. George H. Glover, Fort Collins, Colo. C. M. Haring, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. COMMITTEE ON RABIES

Lt. Col. R. A. Kelser, Chairman, Office of the Surgeon General, Washington, D. C.

M. F. Barnes, Box 403, Harrisburg, Pa.

C. E. Cotton, 231 State Office Bldg., Saint Paul, Minn.

Geo. E. Corwin, 269 State Office Bldg., Hartford, Conn.

L. M. Hurt, 203 Administration Bldg., Union Stock Yards, Los Angeles, Calif.

J. V. Lacroix, Box 445, Evanston, III.

COMMITTEE ON NOMENCLATURE OF DISEASES AND VITAL STATISTICS

H. C. H. Kernkamp, Chairman, University Farm, Saint Paul, Minn.

L. Enos Day, 3933 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III.

George H. Hart, University of California, Davis, Calif.

I. A. Merchant, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

H. W. Schoening, Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington, D. C.

E. A. Watson, Department of Agriculture, Hull, Quebec, Canada.

COMMITTEE ON POULTRY DISEASES

J. R. Beach, Chairman, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.

F, R. Beaudette, New Jersey Agricultural Ex- periment Station, New Brunswick, N. J.

C. A. Brandly, University of Illinois, Urbana, Ill.

C. D. Lee, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

Henry Van Roekel, Massachusetts State College, Amherst, Mass.

COMMITTEE ON Foop HYGIENE

J. G. Hardenbergh, Chairman, Walker Gordon Laboratory Co., Plainsboro, N. J.

B. B. Coale, 203 Administration Bldg., Union Stock Yards, Los Angeles, Calif.

Milton R. Fisher, City Health Dept., Saint Louis, Mo. Ward Giltner, Michigan State College, East

Lansing, Mich.

A. R. Menary, 1721 Blake Blvd., Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Vincent C. Moyer, 2400 Linden Drive, Merwood Park, Upper Darby, Pa.

COMMITTEE ON TUBERCULOSIS

A. E. Wight, Chairman, Bureau of Animal In- dustry, Washington, D. C.

C. U. Duckworth, State Office Bldg., Sacramento, Calif.

William H. Feldman, Box 96, Rochester, Minn.

T. H. Ferguson, 421 Broad St., Lake Geneva,

~ Wis.

H. A. Seidell, State House, Des Moines, Iowa.

COMMITTEE ON BANG’sS DISEASE

C. R. Donham, Chairman, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

C. H. Case, 50 E. Buchtel Ave., Akron, Ohio.

Adolph Eichhorn, Bureau of Animal Industry Experiment Station, Beltsville, Md.

356

Cc. P. Fitch, University Farm, Saint Paul, Minn. Walter Wisnicky, College of Agriculture, Uni- versity of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE SHIPMENT OF LIvE STocK BY TRUCK F. A. Zimmer, Chairman, State Office Bldg., Co- lumbus, Ohio. J. L. Axby, Room 209, State House, Indianapo- lis, Ind. J. H. Rietz, Oglebay Hall, West Virginia Uni- versity, Morgantown, W. Va. COMMITTEE ON TWELFTH INTERNATIONAL VET- ERINARY CONGRESS PRIZE

H. D. Bergman, Chairman, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

H. W. Jakeman, 44 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

Lt. Col. R. A. Kelser, Office of the Surgeon Gen- eral, Washington, D. C.

John R. Mohler, Bureau of Animal Industry, Washington, D. C.

(Fifth member to be selected.)

COMMITTEE ON LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR MemPpuHiIs MEETING, 1939

John H, Gillmann, Chairman, 769 Vance Ave., Memphis, Tenn.

J. W. Scheibler, Vice-Chairman, Ave., Memphis, Tenn.

L. H. Middaugh, Secretary, 739 E. Parkway, S., Memphis, Tenn.

3181 Poplar

SuB-COMMITTEES

Entertainment:

C. L. Allen, Chairman, 2474 Summer Ave., Mem- phis, Tenn.

E. S. Brashier, Jackson, Miss.

R. A. Gathmann, Memphis, Tenn.

Banquet, Reception and Dance:

Tait Butler, Chairman, Cotton Exchange Bldg., Memphis, Tenn.

L. H. Middaugh, Memphis, Tenn.

C. D. Stubbs, Little Rock, Ark.

Alumni Dinners:

Andy Crawford, Chairman, Rolling Fork, Miss. M. J. Luster, Clarksdale, Miss.

Cc. W. Denman, Hughes, Ark.

Educational Exhibits:

G. E. Mitchell, Chairman, Memphis, Tenn.

P. C. Dennie, Memphis, Tenn.

C. W. Turrell, Memphis, Tenn.

Technical Exhibits:

R. D. Franks, Chairman, 769 Vance Ave., Mem- phis, Tenn.

R. Southerland, Memphis, Tenn.

Lon E. Foote, Memphis, Tenn.

350 Federal Bldg.,

Ciinic COMMITTEE

General Chairman, Clarksdale,

W. L. Gates, Miss.

Horses and Mules:

W. L. Gates, Chairman, Clarksdale, Miss.

J. C. Smith, Stuttgart, Ark.

Otis Harbour, Memphis, Tenn.

J. N. Jerome, Wilson, Ark.

ORGANIZATION OF

THE A. V. M. A.

Cattle:

J. T. Alston, Chairman, Tupelo, Miss. H. R. Schaefer, Memphis, Tenn.

L. D. Nowell, Humboldt, Tenn.

Swine and Poultry:

C. P. Branigan, Chairman, 230 N. Evergreen, Memphis, Tenn.

Cc. B. Cain, Memphis, Tenn.

O. B. Neely, Union City, Tenn.

Small Animals:

E. B. Mount, Chairman, 769 Vance Ave., Mem- phis, Tenn.

J. W. Scheibler, Memphis, Tenn.

Rease Mitcham, Little Rock, Ark.

E. H. Durr, Jackson, Miss.

Restraint of Large Animals:

W. L. Stroup, Chairman, Corinth, Miss. A. C. Topmiller, Nashville, Tenn. Walter Martin, Jonesboro, Ark.

Representatives

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

H. E. Biester, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

ADVISORY BOARD, HoRSE AND MULE ASSOCIATION oF AMERICA T. A. Sigler, Box 250, Greencastle, Ind. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT Of SCIENCE State College,

Ward Giltner, Michigan East

Lansing, Mich.

Resident State Secretaries

R. L. Mundhenk,

Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn J. B. McQuown, Box 1905, Tucson ghee iota eee ania ate Ee Enea D ES C. D. Stubbs, War Memorial Bldg., Little Rock

W. L. Curtis,

1264 W. 2nd St., Los Angeles

Alabama

Arizona Arkansas

California

Colorado 9357 E. Colfax Ave., Aurora

Geo. E. Corwin,

269 State Office Bldg., Hartford C. C. Palmer,

University of Delaware, Newark District of Columbia M. Mohler, 5508 Nebraska Ave. N, W., Washington John R, Wells,

Box 2424, West Palm Beach

Chas. C. Rife,

420 Edgewood Ave. S. E., Atlanta A. K. Kuttler,

312 Federal Bldg., Boise

W. B. Holmes,

225 E. Washington St., Springfield F. C. Tucker, Claypool

P. V. Neuzil, Blairstown

Connecticut

Delaware

Indiana Iowa

Johnson Serum Co., Crane & Jefferson Sts.. Topeka

Kentucky University of Kentucky, Lexington W. A. McDonald, P. O. Bldg., Baton Rouge Myron E. Maddocks, 2 Brooklyn Ave., Augusta

Louisiana

Maine

‘Nn,

Ne

ORGANIZATION OF THE A. V. M. A. 357

Marvietl..<<. 655-5 Mark Welsh, College Park

Massachusetts...L. A. Paquin, Box 225, Webster ORI, 4.c.c:2.5 se Dade eS eNee moms Be C. F. Clark, 1100 Burcham Drive, East Lansing

WinnOAOO: ¢< +2 .s.2%e0ns0a Carl Hansen, Faribault Mississippi....W. L. Gates, Box 417, Clarksdale NGROTEEE | S656 coo amen Harvey W. Young, 3632 Main St., Kansas City

eR iin ccn tik baie om ae ee E. A. Tunnicliff, Montana Veterinary Research Laboratory, Bozeman

RRR .0.cdrsna oso O. F. Reihart, 2859 Farnam St., Omaha

MeO, 665 os dns paaee oes eee Edward Records, University of Nevada, Reno

New Hampehire...... i. <cccsccvece F. F. Russell, 286 Pleasant St., Concord

New Jersey..... J. R. Porteus, Box 938, Trenton

New Mexico....T. I. Means, Box 1174, Santa Fe New York..C. P. Zepp, 136 W. 53rd St., New York

North Carolina. ....630.... J. H. Brown, Tarboro North Dakota....Frederik Low, Box 348, Oakes GRID. 6.cccadinuskanhasaeoueeseene W. F. Guard, Ohio State University, Columbus

RR 3: eS scevnen 4 wie iccee ad S. E. Douglas, 124 N. W. 23rd St., Oklahoma City

OPO OR 6 siiscas DS eae Te Charles H. Seagraves, 1514 Washington St., Oregon City

PCRRAPIVOER « «0:54.00 50550 A. H. Craige, Jr., 39th St. & Woodland Ave., Philadelphia

Woe TIER, 66s ste es sc aesises J. S. Barber, 310 State House, Providence

South Carolina..... W. A. Barnette, Greenwood South Dakota....... Geo. E. Melody, Gettysburg er ee J. H. Gillmann, 769 Vance Ave., Memphis

TOUR: kiss okcusicedetuaataeanue M. E. Gleason,

1619 S. Laredo St., San Antonio Utah....E. D. Leiby, 2363 Jefferson Ave., Ogden Vermont..G. N. Welch, 43 Union St., Northfield

PTR cen c a neecas Swen sak oer A. J. Sipos, 1102 State Office Bldg., Richmond

WEGRINMOOE i oiicesins ot sceareadiond R. A. Button, 2909 S. M St., Tacoma

WS VIGGO ..6 5665 csdddnewe nce S. E. Hershey, Box 283, Charleston

We ON i 5.3). ono ap eee eee J. S. Healy, 330 Federal Bldg., Madison

Wy Ns oo sis id Rcorateeeieie 6 siekieies H. D. Port,

304 Capitol Bldg., Cheyenne

Resident Territorial Secretaries

Wc 8 ok ee J. B. Loftus, Juneau Canal Zone......... Lt. Col. F. H. K. Reynolds, Panama Canal Dept., Corozal

SOc as sa he ce eee ees L. E. Case, 3851 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu

Philippine TRIARGS. 2. ...o.00 sieves 00 A. K. Gomez, College of Veterinary Science, Pandacan, Manila

PiCYhG WIGiicccwkn ce ecekwss Wilbur McPherson, Box 844, San Juan

Virgin: BROMO, 2.55 coscccuces John L. Cherry,

Christiansted, Saint Croix

Resident Provincial Secretaries

Alberta..J. C. Hargrave, Box 673, Medicine Hat Brita CO. So s5 oc p Sioeess wa W. R. Gunn, Live Stock Branch, Department of Agricul- ture, Victoria

oarv7

ee ee err eee ee ea ee R. H. Lay, 613 Dominion Public Bldg., Winnipeg

New Brunswick. ..........0. T. Fred Johnston, 117 Leinster St., Saint John

Pe SOON, nocd cs oremnaene George Townsend,

Box 76, New Glasgow Ontario...W. Moynihan, 366 Keele St., Toronto

Prince Edward Island....... J. R. Cunningham, Summerside DN os poke asa esas A. A. Etienne, Montreal

Saskatchewan..Mark Barker, P. O. Bldg., Regina

Foreign Corresponding Secretaries Argentina. Willy Rucks, Valle 1314 Buenos Aires

ner ee C. J. Cooper, Hamilton Chile....Julio San Miguel, Casilla 537, Santiago Gs 6k ociembomake ee Ching Sheng Lo, Soochow oer B. J. Crespo, Apartado 246, Havana Dominican Republic ............ G. A. Roberts, Apartado 1311, Ciudad Trujillo

I sas SK s.v aa s Seen Roberto Plata Guerrero, Apartado 468, Guayaquil

I 55. 56. dani ae 6S eee ee ea ea J. E. Aghion, 20 Rue Senan Pacha, Zeitoun

RII bsg sa es eclogite wa Gee T. P. White, c/o American Consulate, 1 Grosvenor Square, London

ee Prof. Oskar Seifried,

Institut fur Tierpathologie d Univ. Veterinar- strasse 6, Munich

I i Ski pte buieinis aims Alexander Kotlan Royal Hungarian Veterinary College,

Budapest VII

IN ore ticitidn ence nescuee Stephen Lockett, Department of Agriculture, Hope, Kingston err ei Luis Santa Maria, Apartado Postal, 2067, Mexico, D. F.

DOO BNE skin vs boc des nous swe Wm. C. Ring, 16 Wyndham St., Auckland

Pi ouc's 5 os Sha bas case ene James F. Mitchell,

c/o Hacienda Pachacayo, Pachacayo Saint Kitts....E. F. Jardine, Box 34, Basseterre

ee eer ee A. W. Whitehouse, Glasgow Veterinary College, 83 Buccleuch St., Glasgow

Union of South Africa.......... G. Martinaglia, Box 1620, Johannesburg, Transvaal

Straits Settlements............ A. S. Robertson,

Singapore Dairy Farms, Ltd., Bukit Panjang

Michigan Short Course Postponed

Owing to the building program now in progress at the Michigan State College, East Lansing, the sixteenth Annual Short Course for Veterinarians will not be held in January, as usual, according to an an- nouncement made by Dean Giltner. The Short Course will be postponed until June and will be given in connection with the annual meeting of the Michigan State Vet- erinary Medical Association.

Culture is the habit of being pleased with the best and knowing why.-—Henry Van Dyke.

APPLICATIONS FOR MEMBERSHIP

It is pretty generally conceded that any material increase in membership in the A. V. M. A. within the next few years must come very largely from the recent gradu- ates of our veterinary colleges. Another point on which there seems to be a prac- tically unanimous opinion is that it is bet- ter to get these young graduates into the national organization just as soon as pos- sible after graduation. To that end an amendment to the Constitution and By- laws was initiated at the New York meet- ing, providing for graduating junior mem- bers into active membership on attractive financial terms. This amendment will come up for adoption at the meeting in Memphis.

It is interesting to go over the records and note how the different colleges show up, on the basis of recent graduates who have joined the A. V. M. A. We will give the figures for the class of 1938, as prom- ised last month. It will be noted that there is a wide variation in the percentages of graduates of the different colleges who have applied for membership in the A. V. M. A.

College Graduates A.V.M.A. Alabama 10 Colorado 14 Cornell Iowa Kansas Michigan Montreal Ohio Ontario Pennsylvania

Texas Washington

Per Cent 25.6

ad fo") $ ¢ ie WonononOFfF wow

_ Ww Oooh ono NAWRANWAOMNES w

All colleges . 59 13.8

This month we are giving first listing to 17 applications. This number brings the total for 1938 up to 304, compared with 452 for the twelve months of 1937.

First LISTING

(See July, 1938, JouRNAL)

Brown, JAMES N. Box 242, Nassau, N. P., Bahamas. D. V. M., Texas A. & M. College, 1937. Vouch- ers: E. D. Clawson and John R. Wells.

BUTTERWORTH, J. A. Box 273, Highland Park, III. D. V. M., Iowa State College, 1937. Vouch- ers: O. Norling-Christensen and R. J. Cyrog.

CARROLL, HowArp F. 1328 Portola Drive, San Francisco, Calif. D. V. M., B. S., Washington State College, 1938. Vouchers: E. E. Wegner and M. A. Northrup.

CHADWICK, VERNON D. 507 Federal Bldg., Little Rock, Ark. D. V. M., Texas A. and M. College, 1938. Vouchers: John H. Gillmann and C. PD. Stubbs.

CHAPIN, CHALMER W. 23 S. 97th St., Belleville, Ill. D. V. M., Chicago Veterinary College, 1915, Vouchers: George H. Bruns and Thomas (C. Hinkle, Jr.

CRANDALL, NELSON D. Veterinary Bldg., University of Missouri, Co- lumbia, Mo. B. Sce., Iowa State College, 1937. D. V. M., Iowa State College, 1938. Vouchers: Cecil Elder and A. J. Durant.

DYKSTRA, LEwIs A. Lena, III. D. V. M., Iowa State College, 1937. Vouchers: H. D. Bergman and W. C. Glenney.

FITcH, JAMES A. 504 Pokegama Ave. N., Grand Rapids, Minn. D. V. M., Iowa State College, 1938. Vouchers: C. P. Fitch and R. Fenstermacher.

GLover, A. D., JR. Box 138, National Stock Yards, III. D. V. M., Colorado State College, 1936. Vouch- ers: George H. Bruns and Thomas C. Hin- kle, Jr.

Harris, FRANK C. 1096 Biltmore, Memphis, Tenn. D. V. M., Alabama Polytechnic Institute, 1935. Vouchers: John H. Gillmann and C. P. Brani- gan.

MERRICK, ANDREW C. 9115 Ogden Ave., Brookfield, III. D. V. M., Ohio State University, 1924. Vouch- ers: D. M. Warren and H. Preston Hoskins.

NUNEZ, FERNANDO CAMARGO. Nogal No. 226, Mexico City, Mexico. Universidau Nacional de Mexico, 1926. Vouch- ers: H. J. Stafseth and R. A. Osorio.

OwENS, KARL R. Mayo, Fla. D. V. M., Alabama Polytechnic Institute, 1935. Vouchers: J. V. Knapp and John R. Wells.

RAILSBACK, LEE T. Harrison, Ark. B. S., Kansas State College, 1936. D. V. M., Kansas State College, 1937. Vouchers: C. D. Stubbs and P. A. Johnson.

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batt

SpRINKLE, W. C. 1241 N. 8th St., Terre Haute, Ind. D. V. S., Terre Haute Veterinary College, 1911. Vouchers: J. L. Axby and Charles C. Dobson. TraYLork, Davip H. 420 Edgewood Ave. N. E., Atlanta, Ga. D. V. M., Alabama Polytechnic Institute, 1938. Vouchers: Chas. C. Rife and J. E. Severin. Von GREMP, C. C. Decatur, Ga. D. V. M., Kansas City Veterinary College, 1915. Vouchers: Chas. C. Rife and J. W. Thome.

Applications Pending SECOND LISTING (See November, 1938, JoURNAL)

Allen, Gayle D., 507 Federal Bldg., Little Rock, Ark.

Allen, Richard K., Box 175, Woodland, Calif.

Baker, Charles L., 2016 W. 18th St., Little Rock, Ark.

Barrett, John H., 1 Newton Ave., Westerly, R.. i.

Benn, Robert K., 507 Federal Bldg., Little Rock, Ark.

Bradshaw, H. D., 3550 Douglas Ave., Memphis, Tenn.

Denman, C. W., Hughes, Ark.

Edgar, Jean R., 323 Chester Ave., Bakersfield, Calif.

Elander, Burman J., 2905 El Camino Real, San Mateo, Calif.

Folinsbee, J. A., 9911 114th St., Edmonton, Alta., Can.

Garner, Paul C., Chetek, Wis.

Garrett, Francis O., Jr., Dumas, Ark.

Green, T. C., 1500 Jefferson St., Bluefield, W. Va.

Merrill, Chester M., High St., South Paris, Maine.

Mitchell, George E., 350 Federal Bldg., Mem- phis, Tenn.

Moore, George R., Kansas State College, Man- hattan, Kan.

Olson, Norman O., Box 332, Preston, Idaho.

Roberts, Stephen J., Kansas State College, Man- hattan, Kan.

Schooley, Maurice, Kinston, N. C.

Short, Robert W., 2116 E. Colorado St., Pasa- dena, Calif.

Taylor, Albert A., 2620 Bellevue Ave., Los An- geles, Calif.

Thompson, Fred, 717 State St., Little Rock, Ark.

Traylor, David H., 420 Edgewood Ave. N. E., Atlanta, Ga.

Vietti, John D., 107 12th St., Puyallup, Wash.

Ward, Benjamin F., 680 Jordan St., Shreveport, La.

Watson, John W., 6 E. 9th St., New York, N. Y.

Wright, Donald A., Fowler, Mich.

The amount which should accompany an application filed this month is $5.42, which cov- ers membership fee and dues to January 1, 1939, including subscription to the JOURNAL. It is suggested that applications filed this month be accompanied by remittance for $10.42, the additional $5.00 being for the 1939 dues.

APPLICATIONS FOR MEMBERSHIP

Rabbit Foot Lucky? —Not for This Boy

Nobody can tell 13-year-old Billy Marcus that the left hind foot of a rabbit brings luck. Billy, a Chicago high school student, received one from a friend several months ago and, on November 7, he was stricken with tularemia and rushed to the Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago. Dr. Emmanuel Newman, who treated him, claimed that the illness was directly attributable to the rab- bit foot.

Following a temperature high of 106°, Billy showed rapid improvement. The latest report indicated that he was well on the way to recovery.

Imports of Meat Increase

Hon. Bertrand H. Snell, congressman from New York, presented the following data to the House of Representatives at the recent session of Congress, in a discussion of our imports of competitive farm prod- ucts, 1937 against 1932.

In 1937, we imported 20,876,569 pounds of fresh pork. The figures for fresh beef are as follows: 1932—796,594 pounds; 1937 —4,665,558 pounds. The importation of hams, bacon and similar products showed a tremendous increase during the five-year period. Here are the figures: 1932—3,015,- 489 pounds; 1937—47,422,022 pounds. Mr. Snell stated that these are official govern- ment figures.

Diminution in Wildlife According to a report in Science, the cause of one of the sudden and mysterious diminutions in wildlife has been found. Shock disease of wild snowshoe hares is a condition characterized by such low blood- sugar level that the animals die within a few hours after the first appearance of symptoms. The disease comes in ten-year periods, causing a marked reduction in the number of animals. Further study of the hares showed that the trouble was a degen-

erative condition of the liver cells.

COMING VETERINARY MEETINGS

Dallas-Fort Worth Veterinary Medical Society. Fort Worth, Texas. December 1, 1938. Dr. H. V. Cardona, Secretary, 2736 Purington Ave., Fort Worth, Texas.

Houston Veterinary Association. Houston, Texas. December 1, 1938. Dr. E. G. Pigman, Secretary, Houston, Texas.

Southern California, Veterinary Hospital Association of. Los Angeles, Calif. De- cember 6, 1938. Dr. L. B. Wolcott, Sec- retary, 1434 W. Slauson Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.

Atlanta Veterinary Medical Society. At- lanta Athletic Club, Atlanta, Ga. De- cember 7, 1938. Dr. Chas. C. Rife, Secretary, 420 Edgewood Ave., Atlanta, Ga.

New York City, Veterinary Medical Asso- ciation of. Hotel New Yorker, 8th Ave. and 34th St., New York, N. Y. Decem- ber 7, 1938. Dr. J. B. Engle, Secretary, Box 432, Summit, N. J.

Vermont Veterinary Medical Association. Montpelier Tavern, Montpelier, Vt. De- cember 10, 1938. Dr. G. N. Welch, Secretary, Northfield, Vt.

Chicago Veterinary Medical Association. Hotel Sherman, Chicago, Ill. December 13, 1938. Dr. O. Norling-Christensen, Secretary, Box 12, Wilmette, Ill.

Nebraska State Veterinary Medical Asso- ciation. Lincoln Hotel, Lincoln, Neb. December 13-14, 1938. Dr. Jno. D.

_ Sprague, Secretary, David City, Neb.

Saint Louis District Veterinary Medical Association. Melbourne Hotel. Saint Louis, Mo. December 14, 1938. Dr. J. P. Torrey, Secretary, 610 Veronica Ave., East Saint Louis, IIl.

Southeastern Michigan Veterinary Medical Association. Medical Arts Building, 3919 John R St., Detroit, Mich. December 14, 1938. Dr. F. D. Egan, Secretary, 17422 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich.

4206 Polk Ave.,

Western New York Veterinary Medical Association. Buffalo, N. Y. December 15, 1938. Dr. F. F. Fehr, Secretary, 243 S. Elmwood Ave., Buffalo, N. Y.

South Dakota Veterinary Medical Associa- tion. Carpenter Hotel, Sioux Falls, S. D. December 15-16, 1938. Dr. G. E. Melody, Secretary, Gettysburg, S. D.

Mississippi Valley Veterinary Medical Association. Galesburg Club, Galesburg, Ill. December 16, 1938. Dr. L. A. Gray, Secretary, Bushnell, IIl.

Kansas City Veterinary Medical Associa- tion. Kansas City, Mo. December 19, 1938. Dr. 8S. J. Schilling, Secretary, Box 167, Kansas City, Mo.

San Diego County Veterinary Medical As- sociation. Zodlogical Laboratories, Bal- boa Park, San Diego, Calif. December 19, 1938. Dr. Glenn A. Tucker, Secre- tary, Vista, Calif.

Massachusetts Veterinary Association. Hotel Westminster, Copley Square, Bos- ton, Mass. December 21, 1938. Dr. H. W. Jakeman, Secretary, 44 Bromfield St., Boston, Mass.

Southern California Veterinary Medical Association. Chamber of Commerce Building, Los Angeles, Calif. December 21, 1938. Dr. B. B. Coale, Secretary, 203 Administration Building, Union Stock Yards, Los Angeles, Calif.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. Richmond, Va. December 27-31, 1938. Dr. F. R. Moulton, Secre- tary, Smithsonian Institution Building, Washington, D. C.

Keystone Veterinary Medical Association. School of Veterinary Medicine, 39th St. and Woodland Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. December 28, 1938. Dr. C. S. Rockwell, Secretary, 4927 Osage Ave., Philadel- phia, Pa.

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COMING VETERINARY MEETINGS

Pennsylvania, Conference of Veterinarians

at University of. School of Veterinary Medicine, 39th St. and Woodland